Home Improvements: Five Projects That Pay Off and Five Mistakes to Avoid

Whether you’re considering remodeling worn-out surroundings, enlarging your home for a growing family or rebelling against yesterday’s standards, you have important investment choices to make. You’ll want to choose home improvements that not only pay off in recovery of the money you spend, but also help you get a be er price for your home when and if you sell and buy again, in today’s market, rather than endure a major construc on project. A er all, even an 80% recovery at resale is s ll a 20% loss.

Here’s how to divide the payoffs from the puffery.

Improvements That Pay Off

1. Kitchen Renova on. New flooring, cabinets, countertops and appliances can be costly, but buyers typically look for updated kitchens. You are likely to recover a large percentage of your kitchen renova on expenses on resale. If your basic kitchen plan is good, you may not need a major remodeling. Even a minor face-li —pai ng, new floorcovering, new cabinet doors and hardware, for example—will pay off in a faster sale at a be er price. Tip: Best bets: light neutral colors, plenty of cabinet and counter space, new ligh ng fixtures, new energy-efficient appliances.

2. Bathroom Addi Another bath is not only a convenience, it may sharply enhance the sale possibili es of your home. Two and three bathrooms are standard fare in many neighborhoods. Upgrading an ng bathroom is likely to pay off in both value and marketability, especially in an older home. Tip: Opt for good ligh ng, large mirrors, easily cleaned materials, plenty of storage space, neutral colors. Consider loca on and accessibility of an addi on.

3. Room Addi Adding a new room is likely to pay off if the addi on puts your home in the same class as others in your neighborhood. Family rooms, sun rooms and master bedroom suites are hot items now—and the extra space may be just what your family needs. Tip: Choose materials and style to blend with the ng home; consider traffic flow, accessibility to other rooms.

4. Deck or Pa Addi Decks make a home homier—as a gathering place to extend family life outdoors—for Saturday barbecues, Sunday brunches, mid-day respites. Best paybacks: decks or pa os off living areas (kitchen, family room, dining room), decks with a view or overlooking your own well-kept garden. Tip: Build deck of redwood, cedar or pressure-treated wood; design deck or pa o to harmonize with the architecture of the home; consider a low-level deck for children’s safety.

5. Energy Efficiency Improvement. The major savings of improved energy efficiency will be in your fuel bills, but your energy-saving home will also likely pay off when you sell. If ng windows are dra y or unsightly, consider replacing with insulated windows for hea ng/cooling efficiency and resale value. Tip: Minor energy upgrades are real winners: caulking and weatherstripping around doors and windows, a c insula on, set- back thermostat, heat-reflecting awnings or shades, water-heater insulation, ceiling fans for air circulation, good maintenance of heating/cooling system, a whole house electrical surge-suppressor to maintain appliance efficiency and protect electronic equipment. Many are do-it-yourself projects, which—if done correctly—bring the best payback.

Improvements That May Not Pay

1. Overimprovements. Add the costs of your proposed remodeling project to the current market value of your home. If the total is more than 20% over average neighboring home values, you can’t expect to recoup your remodeling expenses when you sell. Tip: To be sure your improvements are good investments, ask us for a comparative market analysis to determine your home’s value range.

2. High-Cost, Single-Use Improvements. It’s certainly pleasant to have a swimming pool to plunge into whenever the spirit moves you, and a tennis court on the back corner of your property would allow you to play without signing up for the court. But not every buyer wants such luxuries, and some are reluctant to buy a home with highmaintenance-cost features. You might have to wait some time to find buyers who are willing to pay the extra price that would allow you to recover your investment. Tip: Consider carefully before you undertake a high-cost, low-value remodeling project. You may decide to go ahead because the advantages for you outweigh the possible financial loss—but you should understand what you are getting into.

3. Flamboyant Architecture. You may—although you live in a ranch or colonial home— yearn for the gingerbread that used to embellish your grandparents’ home, or the giant columns that graced Tara in “Gone With the Wind.” You might be crazy about pink stucco or really like thatched roofs. Fine, but understand improvements that aren’t compatible with the way the rest of the home looks will make it harder to find a buyer later. Tip: look for ways to get your heart’s desire without clashing with your home. Paint the shutters pink instead of covering the whole home in pink stucco, for example, or use the gingerbread embellishments on a gazebo in the backyard.

4. Inappropriate Interior Features. Here, again, personal preference may displace resale sense, and that’s okay if you don’t mind eventually waiting for the unique buyer who shares your unique taste. If that’s the case, go ahead and put those gold fixtures in the bathroom, the do-it-yourself forest landscape on the kitchen wall, the baroque chandelier in the dining room. Tip: It may be worth the double expense to you to put your individual features into the home now and then replace the items when you put your home on the market.

5. Elaborate Landscaping. It’s hard for a genuine gardener to landscape inappropriately, but one owner’s dedication may be another owner’s nuisance. With resale and maintenance demands in mind, it’s a good idea to avoid potential problems: flower beds and shrubbery that require constant attention or even professional care, pathways of pebbles through which weeds peek, formal garden plots that look disreputable when nature insists on making growing things sprawl, picket fences that need frequent repainting, complicated outdoor spotlighting that can require expensive repair. Tip: Good landscaping adds much to a home’s value. Plan and plant with your future resale in mind, and you’ll enjoy the yard more now, too.

To Help You Decide

Some clients are surprised to learn it may be easier to sell and buy again than to endure a major remodeling. Call for up-to-the-minute real estate market information to help you make your decision.